Quick Facts About Tang Dynasty Emperor Ruizong
- Emperor Ruizong was born in 662 CE.
- His name at birth was Li Dan.
- He was a son of the Tang dynasty emperor, Gaozong.
- His mother was Emperor Gaozong’s second wife, Empress Wu Zetian.
- After his brother, Emperor Zhongzong was removed from the throne in 684 CE, Li Dan became the fifth emperor of the Tang dynasty.
- Ruizong means “Far-Sighted Ancestor”.
Emperor Ruizong held two reigns in the Tang dynasty. The first was from in 684 – 690 CE and the second from 710 – 712 CE.
About Emperor Ruizong’s First Reign
Emperor’s Ruizong’s first reign was a sham. He did not rule over his court but stayed in his rooms hidden in the place. He may even have been kept as a prisoner in an inner area of the palace. His mother, Wu Zetian, took control of and power over the government during this time.
Emperor Ruizong was forced to abdicate his first reign in 690 CE and his mother, Wu Zetian became an emperor of the Tang dynasty.
How His Second Reign Began and Ended
Ruizong’s second reign was much shorter lived than his first.
Requested to come back to the throne by his sister, Taiping, Ruizong complied. When he found that Taiping was trying to remove his son and designated heir, Li Longli, from his official position, Ruizong abdicated the throne in 712 CE in favor of his son.
Family and Death
Emperor Ruizong had at least six children. He died in 716 CE. His son, Emperor Xuanzong, succeeded him as the ninth emperor of the Tang dynasty.
Emperor Ruizong’s tomb is in Qiaoling, Pucheng county, Shaanxi.